Cooperative/Collaborative/Team Learning


Cooperative/collaborative/team learning is an active learning technique in which students work and learn together in pairs or small groups to accomplish shared goals. The sites in this section offer information for faculty about getting started with instructional groups, designing group assignments, and using groups successfully. There is also a section designed for students, offering specific strategies for success in working together.   The final site focuses on team-based learning.


General Resources

"Cooperative Learning: Students Working in Small Groups." Speaking of Teaching, Stanford University Newsletter on Teaching, Winter 1999, Vol. 10, No. 2.
An overview that discusses the value of small groups and methods for using them for instructional purposes.

"Designing Effective Group Activities: Lessons for Classroom Teaching and Faculty Development," Larry K. Michaelson, L. Dee Fink, and Arletta Knight (University of Oklahoma, Instructional Development Program).
Guidelines for designing effective group assignments and activities, including a checklist to evaluate the effectiveness of group assignments.

"Cooperative Learning in Technical Courses: Procedures, Pitfalls, and Payoffs," Richard M. Felder and Rebecca Brent. ERIC Document ED377038 (1994).
Methods for implementing cooperative learning in courses that stress quantitative problem solving. Contains information useful to anyone wishing to use cooperative learning in teaching.

Doing CL (National Institute for Science Education).
Practical methods for implementing collaborative learning in all disciplines. Includes numerous structures for using CL plus techniques for helping groups work more effectively. This site also has "teaching stories" of successful CL in a wide variety of scientific disciplines and large and small classes.

Collaborative Learning (Brigham Young University Center for Teaching and Learning).
Presents methods for using collaborative learning through a series of video clips that highlight strategies BYU faculty have implemented in their classes.

"Collaborative Versus Cooperative Learning: A Comparison of the Two Concepts Which Will help Us Understand the Underlying Nature of Interactive Learning," Ted Panitz (Cape Cod Community College).
A discussion of the principles underlying small group instructional activities with the goal of explaining the difference between cooperative and collaborative learning.

The Case for Student Centered Instruction via Collaborative Learning Paradigms,” Ted Panitz (Cape Cod Community College).
This article details the multiple benefits of collaborative learning in four major categories: academic, social, psychological, and assessment.

Cooperative Learning Institute And Interaction Book Company (co-directors Roger T. Johnson and David W. Johnson).
This is a multi-faceted nonprofit Institute that maintains a site for an "Introduction to Cooperative Learning" with an overview of the topic, its research base, articles, a newsletter, and practical materials.

Ted Panitz's Cooperative Learning and Writing Across the Curriculum Website (Cape Cod Community College).
A mega-site with numerous links to cooperative/collaborative learning sites on the web. All aspects of cooperative/collaborative/team learning are covered in national and international sites for all educational levels.

Ted Panitz Cooporative Learning e-book.
Complete guide to cooperative learning in 17 chapters online.

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Team-Based Learning

Team-Based Learning Collaborative
This site has information for getting started and sustaining team-based learning, including links to an online video demonstration, materials for classes using TBL, examples of successful TBL courses, and other TBL websites, including some medical ones. A rich and informative site for this topic.

TeamLEAD at Duke-NUS.
9-minute video demonstrating how the TeamLEAD instructional method works at Duke Graduate Medical School Singapore.

Team Based Learning, TBL.
A comprehensive handout that starts with “Why TBL Works” and goes on to discuss how it works and how to use it for in-class activities.

CATME:  Smarter Teamwork.
A complete methodology for setting up, maintaining, and assessing successful class-related team experiences.  Website offers video with overview of  CATME  Team-Maker System and tools for faculty. An NSF funded project.

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Team-Based Learning: For Students

Surviving the Zombie Apocalypse:  Your Group Project (University of Minnesota).
A highly imaginative and highly effective website for students, with strategies and tools for successful teamwork on group projects.  Faculty could send students to the site when assigning team-based projects.  Short videos illustrate steps to success and suggest solutions to common problems.

Successful Strategies for Teams:  Team Member Handbook,” Kennedy, Frances A. with Nilson, Linda B. (Clemson University).
Strong guide for students, promoting team skills; even covers troubleshooting when things go wrong.  The accompanying “Templates for Team Tools” provides useful forms for keeping students on track and engaged in a successful project.

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Assessing Team-Based Learning

Teamwork VALUE Rubric

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Michigan State University Resources

Library Collaborative Technology Labs

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, offeringspecific strategies for